At the start of World War 1, Britain controlled India as part of the British Empire. Most of the people of India wanted independence, and protests toward this end had already gone on for awhile, but so far the British government had contained the protests and maintained their hold on India.
How did the World War 1 affect India?
(i) The war created a new economic and political situation. (ii) It led to huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes, custom duties were raised and income tax was introduced. (iii) Prices increased, doubling between 1913 and 1918. This hit the common people.
What was the relationship between Great Britain and India?
India served as the main base for the British Empire’s expansion across Asia and would remain the empire’s most important colony and main source of income as well as soldiers until independence. Queen Victoria became Empress of India in 1876. From a small trading outpost, India became the jewel in the British crown.
How were the British affected by ww1?
Britain incurred 715,000 military deaths (with more than twice that number wounded), the destruction of 3.6% of its human capital, 10% of its domestic and 24% of its overseas assets, and spent well over 25% of its GDP on the war effort between 1915 and 1918 (Broadberry and Harrison, 2005).
What was the relationship between Britain and India Why was India so important to the British?
India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power. Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.
Why did WWI increase nationalist activity in India?
World War I Increases Nationalist Activity
In 1918, when Indian troops returned home the did not keep their promise and Indians were again treated like second class citizens. Radical nationalists carried out acts of violence to show their hatred of rule, as a result the British passed the Rowlatt Acts.
How did World War 1 affect the economy of India?
The war also had a severe impact on industry. … (iii)Able-bodied men were called up to the war. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down. (iv)Large supplies of grain were sent to feed the army.
How did Britain affect India?
The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. The British were very effective at infiltrating these states and gradually taking control. They often left the local princes in charge of the various parts of India.
How did Britain modernize India?
The British introduced modern and Western education in India. ii. The introduction of modern transport system such as the railway. … The British took steps to unify India politically, administratively and economically, though to serve their interests but it benefited India as well.
What were the positive effects of British rule in India?
Positive Impact: Some positive impact of the British rule in India were the introduction of the railways, post and telegraph system for masses, introduction of Western sceinces and the English language. However, it is to be noted that the British intorduced railways for its own benifits.
What happened to Britain after ww1?
Britain started the war ruling the biggest empire the world had ever seen and ended up with it even bigger. … After 1918 Britain gained territory from Germany in Africa making British rule continuous from Cape Town to the Suez Canal and they promptly built a railway northwards to the Mediterranean to prove it.
What happened to the British empire after ww1?
Although the empire achieved its largest territorial extent immediately after World War I, Britain was no longer the world’s pre-eminent industrial or military power. … After independence, many former British colonies joined the Commonwealth of Nations, a free association of independent states.
Why did the British get involved in WWI?
Great Britain entered World War I on 4 August 1914 when the King declared war after the expiration of an ultimatum to Germany. The official explanation focused on protecting Belgium as a neutral country; the main reason, however, was to prevent a French defeat that would have left Germany in control of Western Europe.