In March 1947, Mountbatten became viceroy of India with a mandate to oversee the British withdrawal. He established good relations with leading politicians, particularly with Jawaharlal Nehru, but was unable to persuade the Muslim leader Mohammad Ali Jinnah of the benefits of a united, independent India.
When did Lord Mountbatten as viceroy arrived at India?
He arrived in India on 22 March 1947 by air, from London. In the evening, he was taken to his residence and, two days later, he took the Viceregal Oath.
When did Lord Mountbatten arrived in India?
The Mountbattens arrived in India in March 1947 to an atmosphere of distrust and conflict. Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi and the INC wanted a united, secular India, while the Muslim League, led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was pressing for the division of India to create a separate Muslim state: Pakistan.
Did Mountbatten divide India?
The British Prime Minister Attlee appointed Lord Louis Mountbatten as India’s last viceroy, giving him the task to oversee British India’s independence by June 1948, with the instruction to avoid partition and preserve a United India, but with adaptable authority to ensure a British withdrawal with minimal setbacks.
Who was last Viceroy of India?
That man was Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of British India.
When was Battenberg changed to Mountbatten?
Mountbatten’s father was first sea lord at the outbreak of World War One, but anti-German feeling forced his resignation. In 1917, the family changed their name from Battenberg to the less-Germanic sounding Mountbatten.
When did Battenberg become Mountbatten?
In 1917 most members of the family had been residing in the British Empire and had renounced their Hessian titles, due to rising anti-German sentiment among the British during the First World War. They changed the name to Mountbatten, an anglicised version of Battenberg.
Who was the viceroy of India before Lord Mountbatten?
Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947
|Lord Willingdon||1931 – 1936|
|Lord Linlithgow||1936 – 1944|
|Lord Wavell||1944 – 1947|
Who is first Viceroy of India?
Governor-General of India
|Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
|Formation||20 October 1773|
|First holder||Warren Hastings|
|Final holder||Lord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)|
|Abolished||26 January 1950|
Who announced June 3rd 1947?
The 3 June 1947 Plan was also known as the Mountbatten Plan. The British government proposed a plan, announced on 3 June 1947, that included these principles: Principle of the partition of British India was accepted by the British Government. Successor governments would be given dominion status.
Why did Mountbatten came to India?
2) Lord Mountbatten was sent to India in order to execute the transfer of power from the British crown to the Indians. The immediate task entrusted to him was to restore peace among the two warring factions – the Congress and the League – both in his executive council and the country at large.
What was India before 1947?
Look at us: we operate with two names, the original name Bharat, and the given name, India. The invaders of Bharat who came up to the river Sindhu somehow managed to pronounce Sindhu as Hindu, and then Indus. And finally India is stuck on us for centuries now.
When was Quit India Movement started?
The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement’, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India.