How did the British rule both help and hurt India?

After oppressing India for 200 years, draining its wealth and filling their own coffers, the U.K. ripped the Indian subcontinent into pieces just before they finally left. The partition of 1947 that came along with India’s independence left nearly one million dead and 13 million displaced.

How did the British rule affect India?

They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.

How did British rule harmed the Indian economy?

Destruction of Indian Handicrafts:

The Industrial Revolution in England created a serious impact on Indian economy as it reversed the character and composition of India’s foreign trade. This led to destruction of Indian handicrafts although there was no substantial growth of modern factory industry.

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What were the effects of British rule?

Effect: Many American colonists feared a powerful government. Cause: Many former colonists feared losing their freedom to a new government. Effect: The new Americans made sure their new government could not take away states’ freedom and independence. Cause: The British government taxed the American colonists unfairly.

What bad things did the British do to India?

Up to 35 million died unnecessarily in famines; London ate India’s bread while India starved, and in 1943 nearly four million Bengalis died. It was their own fault, according to the odious Churchill, for “breeding like rabbits”. Collectively, these famines amounted to a “British colonial holocaust”.

What good did British do to India?

So let’s take a look at 7 Good Things The British Did For India And Indians!

  • English language. The reason they taught English to the Indians was to have an ease of administration. …
  • Indian Railways. …
  • Army. …
  • Vaccination. …
  • Social reforms. …
  • India census. …
  • Surveying India.

How did the British ruin the Indian industries?

Ruin of Indian handicrafts industry and artisans:

The Indian handicrafts that had made the country famous, collapsed under the colonial rule. This was mainly due to the competition posed by the machine made goods that were imported from Britain. … The British exported raw materials from India like cotton.

Was there any positive impact of the British rule in India Class 12?

Answer: Yes, there were various positive contributions that were made by the British in India though these contributions wore not made with the objective of welfare for Indians but for the British interests. … It opened up the cultural and geographical barriers and facilitated commercialization of Indian agriculture.

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Why did the British came to India?

The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium. They landed in the Indian subcontinent on August 24, 1608, at the port of Surat.

What were the effects of British rule in India quizlet?

What were the consequences of the British rule in India? British rule was degrading, and supported the need of Britain. Lack of food led to starvation of Indian people, and nationalist perspectives taken up by native Indians.

Is India still under British?

Dominion of India (1947–1950)

Independence came in 1947 with the Partition of India into the dominions of India and Pakistan, within the Commonwealth of Nations. … In 1950 India became a republic and the link with the British crown was severed.

Was British rule good or bad for India?

Some recent research suggests that British rule did little for India in economic terms. Britain gained hugely from ruling India, but most of the wealth created was not invested back into the country. … India’s population only grew by about 1% per year, which also suggests there was not much economic growth.

What would India be without British rule?

India had always been a peaceful nation and would have nothing to with the World War II had it not been under the rule of the British. … The unscrupulous wartime policies of the British to supply food to soldiers at war led to the shortage of food in Bengal and Bihar causing millions of deaths out of starvation.

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