As per the Geological Survey of India (GSI), the major flood prone areas of India cover almost 12.5% area of the country. Every year, flood, the most common disaster in India causes immense loss to the country’s property and lives.
What percent of land in India is prone to floods?
According to the statistics, 68% of India’s land is prone to droughts, 60% to earthquakes, 12% to floods and 8% to cyclones making India one of the most disaster prone countries in the world affecting more than 50 million people.
How much land is prone to flooding?
An area over 40 million hectare (12 percent of land) is prone to floods. Out of the 7516 km long coastline close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclone and tsunamis. About 68 per cent of cultivable land is vulnerable to drought.
Which parts of India are prone to floods?
The major flood prone regions in India are Punjab, Haryana, most of the Gangetic plains including Uttar Pradesh, North Bihar and West Bengal, the Brahmaputra valley, coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, and southern Gujarat.
How much land is affected by the flood in India year?
India has suffered a huge crop loss on 18.176 million hectares (mha) of land, roughly 8.5 per cent of the total gross cropped area due to floods from 2017-2019, according to data shared by the government in the Lok Sabha February 11, 2021.
What percentage of land in India is prone to floods and river erosion?
Explanation: Over 40 million hectares which is almost 12 percent of land is prone to floods and river erosion.
How much percentage of Indian land is free from earthquake?
The major reason for the high frequency and intensity of the earthquakes is that the Indian plate is driving into Asia at a rate of approximately 47 mm/year. Geographical statistics of India show that almost 54% of the land is vulnerable to earthquakes.
Which highly populated city in India is prone to high risk of flood?
This review article provides an assessment regarding quantification, management and climate change impacts of flood risks in Surat, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, which are the most populated coastal cities in India.
How much area of India is prone to natural hazards?
According to the National Disaster Management Authority, around 40 million hectares of land in India is exposed to floods (around 12 per cent of the total land area), 68 per cent of land is vulnerable to droughts, landslides and avalanches, 58.6 per cent landmass is earthquake-prone, and tsunamis and cyclones are a …
Which is the most flood prone state in India?
Bihar is India’s most flood-prone state, with 76% population in the North Bihar living under the recurring threat of flood devastation.
Why is India prone to floods?
Heavy rains lead to a rise in volume of the river load, which causes change in river course. As a result of this, water spills over into adjoining areas which are not able to drain this water out and thus get flooded. North Indian Rivers such as Damodar, Kosi, and Brahmaputra are known for their proneness to floods.
Which part of India are more prone to flood and drought?
The flood-prone areas include West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Assam, Bihar, Gujrat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. Drought-prone areas:-Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh.
What is the most flooded place in the world?
The most vulnerable city was Guangzhou, China, followed by Mumbai and Kolkata in India, Guayaquil, Ecuador and Shenzen, China. Almost all cities at the highest risk of flooding damage were in North America or Asia.