In which year was the capital of India shifted to Delhi from Calcutta?

The foundation of Delhi was laid at the Coronation Durbar of 1911 by King George V as the Capital of British India. Prior to this Calcutta served as the capital. Shifting of the Capital from Calcutta to Delhi was led by two major factors: Indian Councils Act of 1909.

Why was the capital of India shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?

The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India. The rising nationalist movement in Calcutta was also responsible for the shift.

Who shifted the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi?

During the Delhi Durbar on 12 December 1911, George V, the then ruling Emperor of India, along with Queen Mary, announced that the capital of India would be shifted from Kolkata to Delhi.

What was the capital of India in 1947?

During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.

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When did Delhi first became capital of a kingdom?

Delhi first became the capital of a kingdom under the Tomara Rajputs, who were defeated in the middle of the twelfth century by the Chauhans (also referred to as Chahamanas) of Ajmer. It was under the Tomaras and Chauhans that Delhi became an important commercial centre.

Which was the first capital of India when was shifted and why?

Calcutta is the first capital of India. In 13 February 1931 Delhi became the capital of India, shifting Calcutta. The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India.

Who shifted the capital from Delhi to devagiri?

Tughlaq, the idealistic Sultan of Delhi decided to move his capital from Delhi to Devagiri, 15 kilometers west of Aurangabad.

What was the capital of India in 1915?

Prior to this Calcutta served as the capital. Shifting of the Capital from Calcutta to Delhi was led by two major factors: Indian Councils Act of 1909.

When was New Delhi built?

New Delhi was built between 1912 and 1929 on a site adjacent to Delhi (or Old Delhi), which had been chosen to replace Calcutta (now Kolkata) as the capital of India in 1911; New Delhi was inaugurated as the new capital in 1931.

Is Calcutta the capital of India?

Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Bhagirathi-Hooghly (Ganga). … Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911, when the capital was relocated to Delhi.

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