The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India, drafted by a committee headed by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, on 26 November 1949. India became a sovereign democratic republic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950. Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India.
Who is the father of democracy in India?
|Politics||Mahatma Gandhi||Father of the Nation|
|Politics||B. R. Ambedkar||Father of the Republic of India / Father of Modern India|
|Politics||Raja Ram Mohan Roy||Father of modern India|
|Politics||Potti Sreeramulu||Father of Linguistic Democracy|
Who invented word democracy?
Origins. The term democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity.
Which democracy is found in India?
India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure with unitary features. There is a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minster as its head to advice the President who is the constitutional head of the country.
Why did India opt for democracy?
The path that independent India had to follow was planned during the freedom struggle itself.It aimed at visiting the sovereign power in hands of the people. … Hence,India opted for a democracy.It was necessary to have a system where every section of society would be represented.
Who is called Father of democracy?
Although this Athenian democracy would survive for only two centuries, its invention by Cleisthenes, “The Father of Democracy,” was one of ancient Greece’s most enduring contributions to the modern world. The Greek system of direct democracy would pave the way for representative democracies across the globe.
What is the origin of democracy?
The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule. … A belief in shared power: based on a suspicion of concentrated power (whether by individuals, groups or governments).
How many countries are democracies?
The index is self-described as intending to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries and territories, of which 166 are sovereign states and 164 are UN member states. The index is based on 60 indicators grouped in five different categories, measuring pluralism, civil liberties and political culture.
What are the 2 main types of democracy?
Democracies fall into two basic categories, direct and representative. In a direct democracy, citizens, without the intermediary of elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions.
How old is India’s democracy?
India has been a federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India’s population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1.211 billion in 2011.
When did politics started in India?
India had its first general election in 1951, which was won by the Indian National Congress, a political party that went on to dominate subsequent elections until 1977, when a non-Congress government was formed for the first time in independent India.
Who was the first prime minister of India?
Jawaharlal Nehru, was 58 when he started the long innings of 17 years as free India’s first Prime Minister.