What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have?

Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.

What was the impact of Indian Ocean trade?

New cross-cultural interactions were a significant impact of Indian Ocean trade. These interactions were crucial in the spread of religions and philosophical systems, technology, and cultural systems.

How did the Indian Ocean affect the economy?

Petroleum dominates commerce, as the Indian Ocean has come to be an important throughway for transport of crude oil to Europe, North America, and East Asia. Other major commodities include iron, coal, rubber, and tea. … Cargo ship off the coast of Goa, India, eastern Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean.

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Who benefited from the Indian Ocean trade?

These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.

What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have on the Swahili States?

As a consequence of long-distance trading routes crossing the Indian Ocean, the Swahili were influenced by Arabic, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cultures. During the 10th century, several city-states flourished along the Swahili Coast and adjacent islands, including Kilwa, Malindi, Gedi, Pate, Comoros, and Zanzibar.

What did the Indian Ocean trade?

The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. … Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well. Enslaved people were also traded.

How important was India’s role in Indian Ocean Basin Trade?

because India stood in the middle of the Indian ocean basin it was a natural site for emporia and warehouses. Merchants coming from east africa and asia called at Indian ports and traded their cargoes at Cambay, Calicut, and Quilon for goods to take back west with winter monsoon.

What is importance of Indian Ocean as an economic zone?

The region is of strategic importance as it bridges the Indian Ocean to the Pacific in the East and the Mediterranean in the West. Furthermore, this region has emerged as a vital intersection of maritime trade, connecting the countries’ producers of natural resources with the consumers states.

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What was commonly traded along these Indian Ocean trade networks?

People from China, Middle Asia, Africa, and Indian traded along the Indian Ocean Trade Network. Timber, animal hydes, ivory, and gold were goods that came mostly from Africa. … The astrolabe was an important tool for Indian Ocean traders because it made it easier for sailors to navigate by the stars.

How did the Indian Ocean trade change over time?

The Indian Ocean commerce was subject to many changes from 650 CE to 1750 CE. One major change was the increased involvement of the Europeans in the commerce of the Indian Ocean over time. There were also continuities, which include the use of the same trade routes.

What was the most important thing that helped Indian Ocean trade be reliable and flourish?

One of the reasons Indian Ocean trade took off is that there were a wide range of resources available and a wide range of import needs — from ivory to timber to books to grain. But the most important thing was the wind. The Indian Ocean is home to a set of very special winds called Monsoons.

What were the advantages that sea-borne trade had over land based trade?

What were the advantages that sea-borne trade had over land-based trade? With sea-borne trade, merchants were able to sail without the need for protection from any state’s navy. Also, merchants could trade goods like cotton cloth, foodstuffs, and timber. All of these were too heavy to trade over land-based trade.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect SE Asia and E Africa?

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa? Trade gave rise to civilization known as Swahili. Malay kingdom that dominated the critical choke of Indian Ocean trade from 670 to 1025. … And East African civilization that took shape as a set of commercial city states stretching along the East African coast.

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What effect did the Portuguese have on Indian Ocean trade?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

How did Pax Mongolica impact Indian Ocean trade?

Answer: As a result, the trade routes used by merchants become safe for travel, resulting in an overall growth and expansion of trade from China in the east Britain in the west. Thus, the Pax Mongolica greatly influenced many civilizations in Eurasia during the 13th and 14th centuries.