The Umatilla Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. It was created by The Treaty of June 9, 1855 between the United States and members of the Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla tribes. It lies in northeastern Oregon, east of Pendleton.
Where did the Umatilla tribe live?
The Umatilla are a Sahaptin-speaking Native American tribe who traditionally inhabited the Columbia Plateau region of the northwestern United States, along the Umatilla and Columbia rivers.
How many people live on the Umatilla Indian Reservation?
County: Umatilla, population 60,000. 3,231 square miles.
What was the name of the Indian tribe in Oregon?
Federally-recognized tribes in Oregon
Burns Paiute Tribe. Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians. Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde. Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians.
Where was the Walla Walla tribe located?
A Sahaptin tribe who lived for centuries on the Columbia River Plateau in northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington, their name is translated several ways but, most often, as “many waters.” While the people have their own distinct dialect, their language is closely related to the Nez Perce.
What food did the Umatilla tribe eat?
The Umatilla ate fish—salmon, steelhead trout, eel, and sturgeon—as their primary food source. The tribes of the region gathered along the Columbia River in spring and fall for salmon runs. In late summer men hunted wild game such as deer, elk, mountain sheep, bear, antelope, wolf, fox, and cougar.
What did the Umatilla tribe eat?
The traditional foods of the Umatilla tribe were salmon, roots, and deer. Living in longhouses, the tribe’s tent type shelter could be up to 80 feet (24 m) long. Horses were introduced to the tribe in the 1700s, and the people had large herds that were used to make their constant travels easier.
What does the word Umatilla mean?
The name, Umatilla, was registered with the U.S. Land Office in Gainesville in 1876; was taken from an Oregon town of the same name; is an Indian name meaning “laughing waters.”
How many Indian reservations are in Oregon?
There are seven Native American reservations in Oregon that belong to seven of the nine federally recognized Oregon tribes: Burns Paiute Indian Colony, of the Burns Paiute Tribe: 13,738 acres (55.60 km2) in Harney County.
What indigenous land is Oregon on?
We acknowledge that our offices are on the ancestral lands of the following Indigenous Peoples: Cowlitz, Multnomah, Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde, Chelmela, Winefelly, Kalapuya, Nez Perce, Cayuse, Umatilla, Walla Walla, and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs.
How many tribes Does Oregon have?
State of Oregon: Tribal Affairs – Overview of the Nine Tribes.
What happened to the Native Americans in Oregon?
In Oregon, over 4000 Indians were subjected to termination. In 1954, Congress passed the Western Oregon Indian Termination Act, Public Law 588, (P.L. 588), which terminated the western Oregon Indians, including Grand Ronde, Siletz, and the tribes in southwestern Oregon that did not reside on reservations.