What was Pratt’s argument?
In his oft-referenced 1892 speech, Pratt stated, “A great general has said that the only good Indian is a dead one, and that high sanction of his destruction has been an enormous factor in promoting Indian massacres.
What were Pratt’s goals for Indians at the Carlisle school?
In 1879, an army officer named Richard H. Pratt opened a boarding school for Indian youth in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. His goal: to use education to uplift and assimilate into the mainstream of American culture.
What was Richard Pratt’s attitude toward Native Americans?
He regarded the transformation of Indians into civilized Americans as a form of conversion. His rhetoric of salvation was rooted in notions of Christian sacrifice and rebirth. Pratt’s motto, “Kill the Indian, but save the man,” bluntly stated that to save the Indians, their culture had to be sacrificed.
What was Pratt’s attitude toward Native Americans quizlet?
He thought the Indian must die to become a civilized man. His education was based on imitating the white man.
What was the purpose of the Carlisle school?
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School opened in 1879 and operated for nearly 30 years with a mission to “kill the Indian” to “save the Man.” This philosophy meant administrators forced students to speak English, wear Anglo-American clothing, and act according to U.S. values and culture.
When and where did Richard Henry Pratt develop the first Indian boarding school what did he believe were the goals and purposes of the school?
Opened in 1879 in Pennsylvania, the Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the first government-run boarding school for Native Americans. Civil War veteran Lt. Col. Richard Henry Pratt spearheaded the effort to create an off-reservation boarding school with the goal of forced assimilation.
Was the Carlisle Indian School bad?
There were exceptions. After all, from 1879 to 1918, some 12,000 American Indian children attended the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. … It wasn’t as bad as extermination, the argument goes, but it was only one step better—it was cruel and unusual punishment handed out to people whose only crime was being born Indian.
Who founded the Carlisle Indian School?
Its founder was U.S. Army officer Richard Henry Pratt, who commanded a unit of African American “Buffalo Soldiers” and Indian scouts in Oklahoma and witnessed the Bureau of Indian Affair’s irresponsible policies on reservations. In 1875, the Army placed Platt in charge of 72 Indian warriors imprisoned in Florida.
Who was Richard Pratt and what was his philosophy?
Pratt was outspoken and a leading member of what was called the “Friends of the Indian” movement at the end of the 19th century. He believed in the “noble” cause of “civilizing” Native Americans. He said, “The Indians need the chances of participation you have had and they will just as easily become useful citizens.”
What was the purpose of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School Essay?
The purpose of the school, the first nonreservation Indian school funded by the federal government, was to “civilize” Native American children by removing them from their reservations, immersing them in the values of white society, and teaching them a trade.
What was the purpose of the Carlisle boarding school for Indians quizlet?
the goal of the school was the assimilate native americans and completely remove all indian-aspects from the students.
What does the Carlisle School tell us about the United States at the end of the nineteenth century?
Ultimately, boarding schools such as the Carlisle Indian School were intended to destroy American Indian tribal identity. In its place, the students were to gain racial awareness. American society is racist and Indians are viewed as a single racial group rather than several hundred distinct tribal or cultural entities.
How did Native American families resist the influences of boarding schools?
Native American families resisted boarding schools by refusing to enroll their children, told their children to runaway, and undermined the Boarding schools. … Another positive effect on Native Americans is that it reversed the Dawes Act.