suttee, Sanskrit sati (“good woman” or “chaste wife”), the Indian custom of a wife immolating herself either on the funeral pyre of her dead husband or in some other fashion soon after his death. Although never widely practiced, suttee was the ideal of womanly devotion held by certain Brahman and royal castes.
What is the tradition of sati?
Sati or suttee is a historical Hindu practice in which a widow sacrificed herself by sitting atop her deceased husband’s funeral pyre.
What is sati in Indian culture?
Because more than 175 years after India’s former colonial rulers outlawed sati, an ancient Hindu practice whereby a widow burns herself alive on her husband’s funeral pyre, it remains powerfully resonant in pockets of rural India — and a profound embarrassment to the country’s increasingly urbanized elite.
Why did Indians do sati?
Sati in India
Thus sati (a word that Europeans frequently transliterated as suttee) came to mean both the practice of self-immolation and the Hindu widow who died by this ritual. Such a widow was thought to become a goddess and to bring auspiciousness or good fortune to her birth and marital families.
What is the purpose of sati?
From voluntary to forced
According to ancient Hindu customs, sati symbolised closure to a marriage. It was a voluntary act in which, as a sign of being a dutiful wife, a woman followed her husband to the afterlife. It was, therefore, considered to be the greatest form of devotion of a wife towards her dead husband.
Who prohibited sati?
The Bengal Sati Regulation, or Regulation XVII, in India under East India Company rule, by the Governor-General Lord William Bentinck, which made the practice of sati or suttee illegal in all jurisdictions of India and subject to prosecution ,the ban is credited with bringing an end to the practice of Sati in India.
Who is sati?
Sati, Sanskrit Satī (“Virtuous Woman”), in Hinduism, one of the wives of the god Shiva and a daughter of the sage Daksa. Sati married Shiva against her father’s wishes. When her father failed to invite her husband to a great sacrifice, Sati died of mortification and was later reborn as the goddess Parvati.
What is widow-burning called?
The burning of wives on the funeral pyres of their husbands, widow-burning, commonly known as sati (“suttee” in English), has been practiced in India since at least the fourth century b.c.e., when it was first recorded in Greek accounts.
Where is sati practiced in India?
The practice of sati as is known today was first recorded in 510 CCE in an ancient city in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Over time, this practice became widespread in northern and central India and especially among the Rajput, in the state of Rajasthan.
When was the last sati in India?
Villagers say that on September 4, 1987, after her husband’s death, Roop Kanwar recited the Gayatri Mantra, dressed up in solah shringaar (16 adornments) while thousands of villagers from Divrala and neighbouring villages took out her shobha yatra throughout the village, and then did sati.
What is Sati short answer?
: the act or custom of a Hindu widow burning herself to death or being burned to death on the funeral pyre of her husband also : a woman burned to death in this way.
Is Sati mentioned in Vedas?
Sati may not have been mentioned in Vedic scriptures but several later Hindu traditions upheld it and even celebrated it as an act of bravery and honour. … The four wives of Vasudeva were said to have committed Sati after his death, as did the five wives of Krishna in Hastinapur after receiving news of his death.
How did Sati system start in India?
Sati system in India is said to have its traces back in the 4th century BC. However, the evidence of the practice is traced between the 5th and 9th centuries AD when widows of the Kings performed this sacrifice. Jauhar was among one of the most prevalent practices in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
Who removed Sati Pratha India?
Google honours Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the man who abolished Sati Pratha – FYI News.
What does the name Sati mean?
Meaning & History
Means “truthful” in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this was the name of a goddess, a wife of Shiva. After her death she was reborn as the goddess Parvati.