The five major tribes affected were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.
Who did the Indian Removal Act affect?
By the end of his presidency, he had signed into law almost seventy removal treaties, the result of which was to move nearly 50,000 eastern Indians to Indian Territory—defined as the region belonging to the United States west of the Mississippi River but excluding the states of Missouri and Iowa as well as the …
Which tribe was first affected by the Indian Removal Act?
However, President Jackson and his government frequently ignored the letter of the law and forced Native Americans to vacate lands they had lived on for generations. In the winter of 1831, under threat of invasion by the U.S. Army, the Choctaw became the first nation to be expelled from its land altogether.
What were the 5 tribes that were to be removed because of the Indian Removal Act?
The problem lay in the Southeast, where members of what were known as the Five Civilized Tribes (Chickasaw, Choctaw, Seminole, Cherokee, and Creek) refused to trade their cultivated farms for the promise of strange land in the Indian Territory with a so-called permanent title to that land.
How were the Indians affected by the Indian Removal Act?
It gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up their lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to the west. Those wishing to remain in the east would become citizens of their home state.
What impact did the Trail of Tears have on America?
The Trail of Tears has become the symbol in American history that signifies the callousness of American policy makers toward American Indians. Indian lands were held hostage by the states and the federal government, and Indians had to agree to removal to preserve their identity as tribes.
What tribes were relocated during the Trail of Tears?
Some 100,000 American Indians forcibly removed from what is now the eastern United States to what was called Indian Territory included members of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes.
Does the Chickasaw tribe still exist?
Most of their descendants remain as residents of what is now Oklahoma. The Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma is the 13th-largest federally recognized tribe in the United States. Its members are related to the Choctaw and share a common history with them.
Why was the Indian Removal Act a good thing?
Native American removal would reduce conflict between the federal and state governments. It would allow white settlers to occupy more of the South and the West, presumably protecting from foreign invasion. … By separating them from whites, Native Americans would be free from the power of the U.S. government.
What are some possible effects that the Indian Removal Act might have on Native Americans already living in the West?
What are some possible effects that the Indian Removal Act might have on Native Americans already living in the West? The Indians may fight for their land and their would be war. What was the Trail of Tears? The Cherokee’s 800-mile forced march to Indian Territory from Georgia.
What were the long term effects of the Indian Removal Act?
What were the long term effects of the Indian Removal Act? It is estimated that the five tribes lost 1 in 4 of their population to cholera, starvation, cold and exhaustion during the move west.
What was the Indian Removal Act and what was its impact?
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.