Trail of Tears, in U.S. history, the forced relocation during the 1830s of Eastern Woodlands Indians of the Southeast region of the United States (including Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, among other nations) to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.
What Indian tribe was on the Trail of Tears?
The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail commemorates the removal of the Cherokee and the paths that 17 Cherokee detachments followed westward.
Which group of Native Americans had to walk the trail where they cried?
The relocation process of the Trail of Tears started in 1836 and ended in 1839, but the Native Americans that were removed stayed in the Indian Territory or what is now known as Oklahoma. The Cherokee Indians called the Trail of Tears “The Trail Where They Cried” (Byers).
Who was all involved in the Trail of Tears?
The Five Tribes include the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole. Each one of these tribes had their own “Trail of Tears” as they were marched to Indian Territory by the US government. Without enough supplies, many American Indians died on these trips, which were often more than a thousand miles long.
Is Choctaw a Cherokee?
Choctaw and Cherokee Native American tribes both inhabited the Southeastern part of the United States, but they are not the same tribe.
Who organized the Trail of Tears?
By 1838, only about 2,000 Cherokees had left their Georgia homeland for Indian Territory. President Martin Van Buren sent General Winfield Scott and 7,000 soldiers to expedite the removal process.
Who was the chief of the Choctaw tribe during the Trail of Tears?
In October 1860, George Hudson was elected Chief of the Choctaws and served until October 1862. After his attempt and failure to succeed himself as Chief he retired to his home on Mountain Fork River.
What did the Cherokee Indians call the Trail of Tears?
In the Cherokee language, the event is called Nunna daul Tsuny — “the trail where they cried.” The Indian Removal Act was spawned by the rapidly expanding population of new settlers which created tensions with the American Indian tribes.
Where did the Trail of Tears begin?
At New Echota, Georgia, the pro-treaty faction of the Cherokee signed away Cherokee lands in Appalachia and began the removal process.
What was the location of the Trail of Tears?
What is the connection between the Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes and the territory acquired in the Louisiana purchase? The five tribes were forced to live on the Louisiana Purchase lands. You just studied 9 terms!
Who signed the Indian Removal Act?
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
Who were involved in the Indian Removal Act?
Over the next decade, Jackson led the way in the Indian removal campaign, helping to negotiate nine of the eleven major treaties to remove Indians. Under this kind of pressure, Native American tribes—specifically the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Choctaw—realized that they could not defeat the Americans in war.