Which of these factors makes India one of the most disaster-prone counties in the world?
India is one of the most flood prone countries in the world. The principal reasons for flood lie in the very nature of natural ecological systems in this country, namely, the monsoon, the highly silted river systems and the steep and highly erodible mountains, particularly those of the Himalayan ranges.
Why is India prone to natural disasters?
India is prone to almost all the major natural disasters. The high population density combined with poor preparedness, planning and management, and rescue and relief measures inevitably lead to huge losses of lives and property every year in the country.
Is India a disaster-prone country?
India is among the world’s most disaster-prone countries with 27 of its 29 states and seven union territories exposed to recurrent natural hazards such as cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, floods and droughts.
What are the factors that make a country at risk based on the World Risk Index?
The Index consists of indicators in the four components of exposure towards natural hazards such as earthquakes, cyclones, flooding, drought and sea level rise, susceptibility depending on infrastructure, food, housing and economic framework conditions, coping capacities depending on governance, risk reduction, early …
What type of disaster is most prominent in India *?
Floods are the most frequent disaster in India, accounting for 52 per cent of the total occurrences of calamities, followed by cyclones (30 per cent), landslides (10 per cent), earthquakes (5 per cent) and droughts (2 per cent).
Does India have a lot of natural disasters?
India, the second most populated country in the world, is highly exposed to natural disasters. Due to its geographical location, seismic risk zone and intertropical convergence point, the Indian subcontinent also faces recurring atmospheric phenomena: heavy monsoon rains, floods, episodes of high heat, drought, etc.
What are the natural disasters that occured in India?
7 Deadliest Natural Disasters in India
- Kashmir Floods disaster, 2014. Year: 2014. …
- Uttarakhand Flash Floods, 2013. Year: 2013. …
- Bihar flood disaster 2007. Year: 2007. …
- The Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004. Year: 2004. …
- Gujarat Earthquake,2001. Year: 2001. …
- Super Cyclone, Odisha 1999. Year: 1999. …
- Great Bengal Famine 1770.
Which is the most landslide prone area in India?
The major landslide prone areas in India include the Western Ghats and Konkan Hills (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra), Eastern Ghats (Araku region in Andhra Pradesh), North-East Himalayas (Darjeeling and Sikkim) and North West Himalayas (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir).
Why is India a flood prone country?
Southern and central India observes floods caused by Narmada, Godavari, Tapi, Krishna and Mahanadi due to heavy rainfall. Cyclonic storms in the deltaic regions of Godavari, Mahanadi and Krishna even floods the coastal regions of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu occasionally.
What are the earthquake prone areas in India?
Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, parts of the Indo-Gangetic plains (North Punjab, Chandigarh, Western Uttar Pradesh, Terai, North Bengal, the Sundarbans) and the capital of the country Delhi fall in Zone 4.
What is the most flood prone country?
India is the most flood-prone country in the world, according to a report by two researchers published on Water Resources Institute (WRI), a global research organisation.