This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India).
Who was the founder of British rule in India?
How was the British East India Company formed? The British East India Company was formed in 1599 under a charter granted by Queen Elizabeth in 1600. The British Joint Stock Company, as it was known earlier, was founded by John Watts and George White for trade with Asian nations in the south and south-east.
Which was the most administrative unit in British India?
- Districts of British India was the most important administrative unit in British India.
- For example- Coimbatore, Malabar, Anantpur etc.. Districts came under Madras Presidency, Naga hill, Purnea and Champaran etc. Districts came under Bengal Presidency and Delhi, Garhwal and Kumaon etc.
Which was the base of administration during British rule?
During the establishment of British Rule, India was divided into two parts in view of Administration – First British India and the second Princely States of India. In the British period, India was divided in Centrally Governed and 11 Regions.
How British administered their empire in India?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.
Who Ruled India first?
The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.
Who was the first British to land in India?
Explanation: John Mildenhall, a merchant adventurer, was the first Englishman who arrived in India in 1599 AD, by the overland route, ostensibly for the purpose of trade with Indian merchants.
Which state was not under British rule in 1857?
The Maldive Islands were a British protectorate from 1887 to 1965 , but not part of British India .
Who is where the two main divisions of the British administrative period of dependent India?
Answer: Partition of India – 1947,British Raj – 1858-1947.
Who built Calcutta?
1690 August, Job Charnok, an agent of East India Company (established 1600) settles in Calcutta. 1698 East India Co. bought three villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury. 1699 East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency city.
How do we know British administration?
The British rule in India can be divided into two phases- the Company Rule till the year 1858 and the Crown Rule from 1858-1947. The year 1858 itself was a year of great event in that the administration of the Government of India passed into the hands of the British Government from the East India Company.
Who introduced the administration of civil service in India?
During the British raj, Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised, and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’. Cornwallis introduced two divisions of the Indian Civil service—covenanted and uncovenanted.
Which agencies were known as the pillars of British administration in India?
The four pillars of British administration were the civil service, army, police, and judiciary.