Why did the Indian rulers obtain Cartaz?

However its main purpose was to ensure that merchants paid the tax in Portuguese trading posts, directing them to the feitorias in Goa, Malacca and Ormuz, guaranteeing its monopoly on the spice trade and other products.

Who started Cartaz system in India?

Cartaz System a sea-pass introduced by the Portuguese East India Company (Estado da India) in the Indian Ocean region including Bay of Bengal in the early sixteenth century.

How was Cartaz system used by the Portuguese to maintain their control over the oceanic trade?

How was Cartaz System used by the Portuguese to maintain their control over the oceanic trade? Ans: … They declared trade in spices, drugs, dyes, arms & ammunition and war horses as royal monopoly and no nation or even Portuguese private traders were allowed to trade in these commodities.

What was Cartage System?

Notes: Cartaz system referred to a naval trade license or pass issued by the Portuguese in Indian ocean during the sixteenth century.

What was the purpose of the Cartaz?

The cartazes

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However its main purpose was to ensure that merchants paid the tax in Portuguese trading posts, directing them to the feitorias in Goa, Malacca and Ormuz, guaranteeing its monopoly on the spice trade and other products.

What was the Cartaz strategy?

The “cartazes” licensing system was created in 1502 to control and enforce the Portuguese trade monopoly over a wide area in the Indian Ocean, taking advantage of local commerce: the cartaz was issued by the Portuguese at a low cost, granting merchant ships protection against pirates and rival states, which then …

What effect did the Portuguese have on Indian Ocean trade?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

Which of the following Portuguese governor initiated the Cartaze system in India?

In 1505 AD, Francisco de Almeida was appointed as the first Portuguese governor in India. His policy being centric to controlling the Indian Ocean was known as the Blue Water Policy.

Who defeated Portuguese in India?

In 1961, the Indian army invaded the state after the Portuguese fired at Indian fishing boats, killing one fisherman. After 36 hours of air, sea and land strikes by the army, General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, governor general of Goa, signed the “instrument of surrender”, handing over Goan territory to India.

Which European power introduce the Cartaze?

” The “cartazes” licensing system was created in 1502 to control and enforce the Portuguese trade monopoly over a wide area in the Indian Ocean, taking advantage of local commerce: the cartaz was issued by the Portuguese at a low cost, granting merchant ships protection against pirates and rival states, which then …

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What is blue water policy who introduced it?

Notes: Francisco de Almeida, the Viceroy of Portuguese possessions in India opposed establishing a territorial empire in India and wanted that Portuguese should maintain supremacy on sea and confine their activities to purely commercial transactions. This policy known as Blue water policy.

What does the word Carthage mean?

According to tradition, Carthage was founded by the Phoenicians of Tyre in 814 bce; its Phoenician name means “new town.” …