French India, formally the Établissements français dans l’Inde (English: French Settlements in India), was a French colony comprising five geographically separated enclaves on the Indian Subcontinent that had initially been factories of the French East India Company.
Did the French have a presence in India?
The French were late by six decades in India. As with other European colonists — British and the Dutch, the French too started their colonisation through commercial activities. … The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal.
Which areas of India were under French rule?
These five French colonies are Pondicherry, Karaikal in Tamil Nadu and Yanaon in Andhra Pradesh on the Coromandel Coast, Mahe in Kerala on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagore in West Bengal. While we all know about Pondicherry and many of us have even visited the town, the others are largely unknown.
How long did the French rule India?
The time span for the French presence in India is very long: nearly three centuries from 1674 to 1954.
How many French are in India?
There are several varieties of Indian French, corresponding to the former French colonies, as follows: Tamil people (nearly 60,000 in France, 10,000 people in Puducherry)
Examples of Indian French.
|Indian French||Metropolitan French||Meaning in English|
What do the French think about India?
For many centuries, India was a French preoccupation, a source of precious commodities, vital alliances, literary inspiration and spiritual insight. Fortunes were sought, and sometimes made, by bringing the dazzling cotton cloth of early-modern India (known in French simply as “Indians”) to French shores.
When did the French give up their interests in India?
In 1756 the British formally declared war (marking the official beginning of the Seven Years’ War), but their new commander in America, Lord Loudoun, faced the same problems as his predecessors and met with little success against the French and their Indian allies.
How did French treat Indians?
They did not displace any Natives in the establishment of their settlement and continued to work closely with them in the fur trade. They respected Native territories, their ways, and treated them as the human beings they were. The Natives, in turn, treated the French as trusted friends.
Why did the French came to India?
The French came to India mainly with a purpose of trade and commerce. From their arrival until 1741 AD, the objectives of the French, like those of the British, were purely commercial. The French East India Company took hold of Yanam in 1723 AD, Mahe on Malabar Coast in 1725 AD and Karaikal in 1739 AD.
Which was French colony in India?
The Union Territory of Puducherry comprises of the erstwhile French colonies viz. Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam. The Puducherry and Karaikal regions are surrounded by the State of Tamilnadu, whereas Mahe is surrounded by the State of Kerala and Yanam by the state of Andra Pradesh.
Why did French fail in India?
The lack of naval strength of the French compared to that of the English was one of the decisive factors for the failure of the French in India. … Deficiency in naval strength was the major cause of the French failure in face of English naval superiority.
Did the British fight the French in India?
The French and Indian War (1754–1763) was a theater of the Seven Years’ War, which pitted the North American colonies of the British Empire against those of the French, each side being supported by various Native American tribes.
What did France take from India?
In 1673, the French acquired the area of Pondicherry from the qiladar of Valikondapuram under the Sultan of Bijapur, and thus the foundation of Pondichéry was laid. By 1720, the French had lost their factories at Surat, Masulipatam and Bantam to the British East India Company.