The campaigns of civil disobedience led by Gandhi in India during the interwar years had exasperated Great Britain. … It eventually decided to grant independence to the Indian subcontinent in August 1947, but the period was marked by violent clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities.
What was a major cause of decolonization?
The process of decolonization coincided with the new Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and with the early development of the new United Nations. … During World War II Japan, itself a significant imperial power, drove the European powers out of Asia.
Who is the main reason for Indian independence?
One of the greatest myths, first propagated by the Indian Congress Party in 1947 upon receiving the transfer of power from the British, and then by court historians, is that India received its independence as a result of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement.
When did decolonization happen?
‘ Decolonisation unfolded in two phases. The first lasted from 1945 to 1955, mainly affecting countries in the Near and Middle East, and South-East Asia. The second phase started in 1955 and mainly concerned North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.
What were the effects of decolonization?
One of the most important effects of decolonization is the instability of the post-colonial political systems, which entails another, far-reaching consequences. These include deep economic problems, inhibiting growth and widening disparities between the northern and southern part of the globe.
Why did British give freedom to India?
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. … Nonetheless, in an earlier bid to win Congress support, Britain had promised to give India full independence once the war was over. Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.
Why did Britain give India independence?
The British Viceroy and his Council ruled the country. These educated Indians wanted the opportunity to reach the top jobs in the civil service. They also wanted India to have its own government, in which men like them would become MPs. … By the end of the First World War in 1918 British rule was still secure.
Why did British ruled over India?
The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium. They landed in the Indian subcontinent on August 24, 1608, at the port of Surat.
What caused British decolonization?
Lacking economic clout or the strategic bases essential to independently project global military power, Britain was compelled to accept relegation to the status of a European middle power.
What influenced European decolonization?
The chaos of the Napoleonic wars in Europe cut the direct links between Spain and its American colonies, allowing for the process of decolonization to begin. With the invasion of Spain by Napoleon in 1806, the American colonies declared autonomy and loyalty to King Ferdinand VII.
How did nationalism lead to decolonization?
The growth of nationalism among native peoples in European colonies in Asia and Africa often played an enormous role in the process of decolonization. Indeed, without the growth of nationalist movements in colonies themselves, it was highly unlikely that colonial powers would unilaterally surrender their colonies.