How did Europe take over trade in the Indian Ocean?

Portuguese sailors under Vasco da Gama (~1460–1524) rounded the southern point of Africa and ventured into new seas. … As a result, the Portuguese entered the Indian Ocean trade as pirates rather than traders.

Was Europe involved in the Indian Ocean trade?

While the European corporate enterprises operating in Asia concentrated by and large on the inter- continental trade with Europe, the private European merchants participated in a substantial way in trade within the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea trading network.

What European country took control of the Indian Ocean trade first?

The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India.

What caused the growth of the Indian Ocean trade?

Economic Causes of Continued Growth in Indian Ocean Trade. Various economic circumstances resulted in increased trade across the Indian Ocean exchange network in the middle ages. Ocean travel allowed for the bulk movement of goods, which resulted in lower prices and increased demand.

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What was the impact of the Indian Ocean trade?

New cross-cultural interactions were a significant impact of Indian Ocean trade. These interactions were crucial in the spread of religions and philosophical systems, technology, and cultural systems.

Who dominated how Indian Ocean trade worked?

But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.

Who controlled the sea trade?

Union of Spain and Portugal, 1580–1640.

How did Portuguese change Indian Ocean trade?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

Which group controlled the Indian Ocean trade?

During the classical era (4th century BCE–3rd century CE), major empires involved in the Indian Ocean trade included the Achaemenid Empire in Persia (550–330 BCE), the Mauryan Empire in India (324–185 BCE), the Han Dynasty in China (202 BCE–220 CE), and the Roman Empire (33 BCE–476 CE) in the Mediterranean.

What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean trade took off and was so popular?

What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean Trade took off and was so popular? They were seasonal and consistent. Monsoons would help carry ships from Africa to India between April and September. They carried ships back from November to February.

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