What are the 5 castes in India?

How many castes are there in India?

State-wise number of Castes notified as Scheduled Castes (as on 23.09. 2008)

Sr. No. State/Union Territory Number of Castes
9 Himachal Pradesh 57
10 Jammu and Kashmir 13
11 Jharkhand 22
12 Karnataka 101

What are the types of caste in India?

The four classes were the Brahmins (priestly people), the Kshatriyas (also called Rajanyas, who were rulers, administrators and warriors), the Vaishyas (artisans, merchants, tradesmen and farmers), and Shudras (labouring classes).

Which caste is best in India?

1. Brahmans: Brahmans are at the top in Varna hierarchy. Main castes of this Varna are those of priests, teachers, custodians of social ritual practices and arbiter of correct social and moral behaviour.

What are the 5 levels of the caste system?

What are the 5 levels of the caste system?

  • Braham. single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything.
  • Kshatriya. second level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; WARRIORS.
  • Vaishyas. 3rd class of the caste system (worker class, the legs of purusha-sakta.)
  • Shudra.
  • Untouchable/Harijan/Dalit.

Which caste is richest in India?

Top 10 Richest Caste in India

  • Sikh. …
  • Kayasth. …
  • Brahmin. …
  • Banias. …
  • Punjabi Khatri. …
  • Sindhi. …
  • Rajput. The Rajput group is typical of India’s ancient warrior or Kshatriya category. …
  • Christians. Christianity is the country’s wealthiest faith.
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Which is the biggest caste in India?

The highest of all the castes, and traditionally priests or teachers, Brahmins make up a small part of the Indian population. The British colonial authorities gave Brahmins influential clerical jobs.

Is Patel a caste?

Patel is a surname also used by the Koli caste of Gujarat in India who are well known in the politics of Gujarat and Leva Patels (Patidar) of Saurashtra were most benefited under the rule of Indian National Congress party. Koli Patels are recognised as a Other Backward Class caste by Government of Gujarat.

What is general caste in India?

Forward caste (referred as General Class/General Category/Open Category) is a term used in India to denote castes whose members are on average ahead of other Indians economically and socially. … The lists of general, Other Backward class and Scheduled Castes, and Scheduled Tribes are compiled irrespective of religion.

Is Singh a high caste?

For example, taking advantage of the fact that there was no reliable way to ascertain a person’s caste, some of the low-caste Indian indentured labourers brought to British Guiana adopted the surname “Singh”, claiming to be high-caste Kshatriyas.

Which caste is most educated in India?

Muslims have the highest number of illiterates — nearly 43 percent of their population — while Jains have the highest number of literates among India’s religious communities with over 86 percent of them educated.

What caste is Singh?

Singh, primarily a Punjabi Sikh surname meaning ‘lion’ in Sanskrit, was also adopted by the Hindu Kshatriya varna since the name alludes to the characteristics of a warrior. Under the Kshatriyas are the Vaishyas, the farmers, traders, and merchants.

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