The First Treaty of Indian Springs, or more formally the Treaty with the Creeks, 1821, entailed the Creeks ceding their remaining land east of the Flint River in Georgia to the United States. The treaty made the Creek National Council even more determined to cede no more land.
What did the Treaty of Washington do for the Creek?
The 1826 Treaty of Washington stipulated that the Creeks cede their Georgia landholdings in exchange for a one-time payment of $217,600 plus $20,000 each year in perpetuity. Additionally, the treaty provided $100,000 for the emigration of McIntosh supporters west of the Mississippi river.
What did the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1825 do?
McIntosh agreed to cede all Muscogee lands east of the Chattahoochee River, including the sacred Ocmulgee National Monument, to Georgia and Alabama, and accepted relocation west of the Mississippi River to an equivalent parcel of land along the Arkansas River.
What impact did this treaty have on Creek land claims?
The Treaty of Fort Jackson ended the fighting of the Creek War, but began a series of negotiations between the Creek community and the U.S. Government for land, property, and monetary resources. Under the terms of the treaty, the Creek Nation ceded nearly 22 million acres to the United States.
What land area did the Treaty of Indian Springs take?
Under the terms of the treaty, the Muscogee ceded their territory east of the Flint River, some 4,000,000 acres (16,187 km2) to Georgia.
Why was there an Indian Removal Act?
Since Indian tribes living there appeared to be the main obstacle to westward expansion, white settlers petitioned the federal government to remove them. … Under this kind of pressure, Native American tribes—specifically the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Choctaw—realized that they could not defeat the Americans in war.
Why was the Medicine Creek Treaty made?
The Medicine Creek treaty arose out of a series of treaty councils in the winter of 1854 held by the new governor of Washington Territory, Isaac Stevens. As in other areas of the West, white settlers and prospectors wanted the land occupied by the Indians.
What did William McIntosh do?
The boy was also named after his father, the Scottish-American soldier William McIntosh, who was connected to a prominent Savannah, Georgia family. Captain McIntosh, a Loyalist during the Revolutionary War, had worked with the Creek to recruit them as military allies to the British.
Who worked out the Treaty of Indian Springs which ceded the last Creek lands in Georgia?
Indian Removal Study Guide
|This Creek leader helped the Creek Nation create a police force, establish written laws, and create a National Assembly.||William McIntosh|
|Who participated in the Treaty of Indian Springs, which ceded the last Creek lands in Georgia?||Governor George Troup and Chief McIntosh|
What treaties were involved in the removal of the Creek?
The Red Sticks attacked settlers and loyalist Creeks and the United States struck back with forces led by General Andrew Jackson. Ultimately the Red Sticks lost, and the war ended with the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814, which ceded 23 million acres of Creek land to the United States.
How did the Creeks react to the Indian Removal Act?
Most Creeks were overwhelmingly opposed to the land cession, and the sale of land without the approval of the Creek National Council was punishable by death under Creek law. … The Treaty of Washington restored Creek land within Alabama but allowed the state of Georgia to keep ceded Creek lands.
What happened to the Creek tribe on the Trail of Tears?
The Trail of Tears
The Indian-removal process continued. In 1836, the federal government drove the Creeks from their land for the last time: 3,500 of the 15,000 Creeks who set out for Oklahoma did not survive the trip. … By 1838, only about 2,000 Cherokees had left their Georgia homeland for Indian Territory.
Why was the Treaty of Indian Springs declared invalid?
Led by Chief McIntosh, the Creek Indians ceded all land between the Flint and Ocmulgee Rivers and north to the Chattahoochee River on January 8, 1821, in the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Two years later, the treaty was declared invalid because of rumors of bribery and coercion.