The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. This vast international web of routes linked all of those areas as well as East Asia (particularly China).
Why is the Indian Ocean trade important?
The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.
Who established the Indian Ocean trade route?
The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.
What was the primary way of trading in the Indian Ocean?
How did monsoons make Indian Ocean trade possible? Monsoons alternated wind currents that predictably blew eastward during the summer months and westward in the winter. When people understood what monsoons did, they accumulated different ways to build ships and developed oceanic navigation.
When was the Indian Ocean trade route established?
The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
What is the importance of sea route?
Sea routes play a vital role in the transportation of domestic and international trade from country to country. Transportation of goods from one to another place through waterways increases the country’s trade by quickest means and thus the country is developed economically.
What was traded on the sea roads?
In addition to silk, major commodities traded included gold, jade, tea, and spices. Since the transport capacity was limited, over long distances and often unsafe, luxury goods were the only commodities that could be traded.
What were ancient India’s trade routes?
Not only were goods transported over these roads, but people also shared knowledge, ideas, religious practices, and even illness in some cases.
- The Silk Road. The Silk Road may be the most famous ancient trade route. …
- The Spice Routes. …
- The Amber Road. …
- The Incense Route. …
- The Salt Route. …
- The Tin Route.
What was commonly traded along these Indian Ocean trade networks?
People from China, Middle Asia, Africa, and Indian traded along the Indian Ocean Trade Network. Timber, animal hydes, ivory, and gold were goods that came mostly from Africa. … The astrolabe was an important tool for Indian Ocean traders because it made it easier for sailors to navigate by the stars.
How did the Indian Ocean trade route expand?
In the 9th century, Islamic merchants expanded Indian Ocean trade. As trade prospered, new trading states and cities emerged across the Indian Ocean and gained immense wealth from trade activities. Important Indian Ocean trade spanned from Africa’s east coast to the Chinese and Japanese shores in the Pacific Ocean.
How did the Indian Ocean trade route change the culture in Srivijaya?
Interactions among different peoples along trade routes led to syncretism, or blending, of religious and political ideas. The Srivijaya Empire, which controlled much of the Malay Archipelago in the Indian Ocean from the seventh to twelfth centuries, is a perfect example of this cultural blending.
Which was the main trade Centre on the trade route between India and Europe since ancient times?
The main trade Center on the trade route between India and Europe since ancient times is The Silk Road. The route is over 6,500 km long and got it’s name because the early Chinese traded silk along it.
What did India Trade on the Silk Road?
The sacks of merchants were filled with ivory, rhino horns, turtle shells, spices, ceramic and iron items, glaze and cinnamon, ginger, bronze weapons and mirrors. India was famous for its fabrics, spices and semi-precious stones, dyes, and ivory.
What was the impact of the Indian Ocean trade?
New cross-cultural interactions were a significant impact of Indian Ocean trade. These interactions were crucial in the spread of religions and philosophical systems, technology, and cultural systems.