For example, he ordered the destruction of select Hindu temples (perhaps a few dozen, at most, over his 49-year reign) but not because he despised Hindus. Rather, Aurangzeb generally ordered temples demolished in the aftermath of political rebellions or to forestall future uprisings.
Why did Mughals destroy Hindu temples?
Since temples in Mughal domains were understood as state property, those that were patronised by rebels who had formerly been loyal officials were subject to destruction, just as their patrons were subject to severe punishment. This probably explains why more temples were desecrated in his reign than in others.
Which Hindu temples were destroyed by Mughals?
In 1669, he issued orders for general demolition of all temples, including the holiest ones such as Vishvanath in Varanasi, Somanath in Prabhasa and Keshav Rai in Mathura. When Aurangzeb invaded Orissa, he demolished all other temples but left Puri Jagannath intact as it was a source of great revenue for the Mughals.
Why were the temples were destroyed?
Temples were destroyed by invading rulers as they were a symbol of the power, prestige and wealth of a king. The king was viewed as a representative of god. They were also a large store of treasure and riches. Thus, temples were viewed as targets that were to be attacked in the course of battles.
Did Hindu kings destroy temples?
Hindu Kings never destroyed any Buddhist Temples. In fact helped build and protected a lot of buddhist temples like the Holkars and Marathas who protected the Buddhist stupas in the central india from Islamic invaders.
How many temples did Mughals demolished?
From the Islamic Literary Sources, it’s clear that over the centuries the Muslim invaders and rulers of the medieval times were only carrying out the commandments of Islam when they eliminated, captured, enslaved, and violated not only Hindus and destroyed or desecrated over 10,000 Hindu temples and monuments whenever …
What did Mughals do to India?
The Mughals brought many changes to India:
- Centralised government that brought together many smaller kingdoms.
- Delegated government with respect for human rights.
- Persian art and culture.
- Persian language mixed with Arabic and Hindi to create Urdu.
- Periods of great religious tolerance.
Who brought Islam in India?
Islam arrived in the inland of Indian subcontinent in the 7th century when the Arabs conquered Sindh and later arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Ghurids conquest and has since become a part of India’s religious and cultural heritage.
Who defeated Mughals?
They immediately tightened their grip on Mughal supply chains. By 1705 end, Marathas had penetrated Mughal possession of Central India and Gujarat. Nemaji Shinde defeated Mughals on the Malwa plateau. In 1706, Mughals started retreating from Maratha dominions.
Why were temples built and destroyed give reason?
Kings built temples to demonstrate their devotion to God and their power and wealth to the subjects of their kingdom. However, when another king attacked, he destroyed the temples created by the previous king to degrade him and show off his power.
Why were temples destroyed in the medieval period?
Answer: Because temples were actually the placez built by kings as a mark of pride. When other kings attacked they wanted to destroy thier pride so they destroyed templez in medieval period.
Who built Chola temple?
It is one of the largest South Indian temples and an exemplary example of fully realized Tamil architecture. Built by Raja Raja Chola I between 1003 and 1010 AD.