What are the tribes of India?

How many tribes are there in India?

The Constitution of India has recognized tribal communities in India under ‘Schedule 5’ of the constitution. Hence the tribes recognized by the Constitution are known as ‘ Scheduled Tribes’. There are around 645 distinct tribes in India.

What are the tribal groups in India?

Tribal Groups in India

  • The Sentinelese Tribe (Andaman & Nicobar Islands) …
  • The Great Andamanese Tribe (Andaman & Nicobar Islands) …
  • The Onge Tribe (Andaman & Nicobar Islands) …
  • The Jarawa Tribe (Andaman & Nicobar Islands) …
  • The Kamar Tribe (Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh) …
  • The Kadar Tribe (Kerala)

What are the major tribes of India?

20 Major Tribes in India

  • 1) Bhils Tribe. The Bhils are a tribe found mostly in the mountain ranges of Udaipur and in some districts of Rajasthan. …
  • Gonds Tribe. …
  • Munda Tribe. …
  • 4.Santhal Tribes. …
  • 5.Toto Tribe. …
  • Bodo Tribe. …
  • 7.Angami Tribe. …
  • 8.Bhutia Tribe.
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What is the largest tribe in India?

The Santhal are the largest and one of the oldest tribes in India, They are spread across Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal.

Which is the oldest tribe in India?

New Delhi: In the pristine islands of Andaman and Nicobar, live one of the oldest tribes of India, the Jarawa. With a scanty population of almost 420, they are almost on the verge of extinction. They live. New Delhi: In the pristine islands of Andaman and Nicobar, live one of the oldest tribes of India, the Jarawa.

Who are the SCs and STs?

The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of people and among the most disadvantaged socio-economic groups in India. The terms are recognized in the Constitution of India and the groups are designated in one or other of the categories.

Which is the most primitive tribe in India?

The Sentinelese. The Sentinelese are an uncontacted tribe living on North Sentinal Island, one of the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean.

Which is the smallest tribe in India?

The smallest tribal community is the Andamanese, with a population of 19. Economically and socially least advanced, the scheduled tribes are the earliest inhabitants of India.

Who are Gond tribes?


Persa Pen is the most distinctive feature of Gond religion. Like many other tribes, Gonds worship a high god known as Baradeo, whose alternate names are Bhagavan, Sri Shambu Mahadeo, and Persa Pen.

What are the three main tribes of India?

Important Tribes of India (Statewise)

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State Tribes
Karnataka Gond, Patelia, Barda, Yerava, Bhil, Koraga, Adiyan, Iruliga,
Kerala Malai, Aarayan, Arandan, Uralis, Kurumbas, Arandan, Eranvallan
Madhya Pradesh Kharia, Bhils, Murias, Birhors, Baigas, Katkari, Kol, Bharia, Khond, Gonds,

What is the lifestyle of Indian tribes?

Tribes were distinguished from castes on the basis of their religious and ecological conditions. ADVERTISEMENTS: However, tribals are also peasants, as a good number of them today live in villages and have been engaged in agriculture and allied occupations just like peasants belonging to various castes and communities.

Who is the richest Indian tribe?

Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.

What is the full meaning of tribe?

1 : a group of people including many families, clans, or generations a Cherokee tribe. 2 : a group of people who are of the same kind or have the same occupation or interest. tribe. noun. ˈtrīb

Which is the largest tribe in the world?

Adivasis (Scheduled Tribes) are the largest tribal population in the world – World Directory of Minorities. Adivasis is the collective name used for the many indigenous peoples of India.