What does the Indian Constitution say about language?

There is no national language in India. However, article 343(1) of the Indian constitution specifically mentions that, “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.

What is the language policy of India?

Language policy of India:Our Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language. Hindi was identified as the official language. But Hindi is the mother tongue of only about 40 per cent of Indians. Therefore, there were many safeguards to protect other languages.

How many official languages are there in the Constitution of India?

As of today, the Indian constitution recognizes 22 major languages of India in what is known as “the 8th Schedule” of the Constitution.

What is language policy explain?

Language Policy is what a government does either officially through legislation, court decisions or policy to determine how languages are used, cultivate language skills needed to meet national priorities or to establish the rights of individuals or groups to use and maintain languages.

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Why did our Constitution not give the status of national language to any one language?

Our constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language ​because India has several languages. So, making one language as national language will make other language people inferior.

Why is English the official language of India?

The Indian constitution, in 1950, declared Hindi in Devanagari script to be the official language of the union. … As a result, Parliament enacted the Official Languages Act, 1963, which provided for the continued use of English for official purposes along with Hindi, even after 1965.

Which language is Recognised as the official language by the Constitution of India?

(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.

Which is the first language in the world?

Ethnologue (2019, 22nd edition)

Rank Language Language family
1 Mandarin Chinese Sino-Tibetan
2 Spanish Indo-European
3 English Indo-European
4 Hindi (sanskritised Hindustani) Indo-European

What is language policy example?

Examples include the introduction of new words (lexical modernization), the development and change of the writing system or orthography of a language (graphization), and the attempted purging of lexical items and grammatical forms deemed inaccurate, inappropriate, or otherwise unwanted (purification).

Why language policy is needed?

Language Policy contributes to the growth of the field by publishing high-quality studies that help build a sound theoretical understanding of the subject area. It presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions.

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What is the language policy of India and how is it different from language policy of Sri Lanka?

2 Answers. (i) Sri Lanka believes in majoritarianism whereas in India equal rights are given to minorities. (ii) In Sri Lanka, Sinhala is the only official language, whereas in India though Hindi is the official language but along with Hindi, 21 other languages have been recognised as Scheduled Languages.