Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.
What event led to increased Indian Ocean trade?
Trade between India and the Greek Ptolemaic Kingdom was started by Eudoxus of Cyzicus in 130 BCE. From Egypt, goods could be sent on to ports throughout the Mediterranean. The Kingdom’s opening of Red Sea ports and improved knowledge of the seasonal monsoons resulted in a substantial increase in trade.
What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean trade took off and was so popular?
What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean Trade took off and was so popular? They were seasonal and consistent. Monsoons would help carry ships from Africa to India between April and September. They carried ships back from November to February.
Why did trade along the Indian Ocean contribute to the growth of states?
The Indian Ocean trading network fostered the growth of states. … In key places along important trade routes, merchants set up diasporic communities where they introduced their own cultural traditions into the indigenous cultures and, in turn, indigenous cultures influenced merchant cultures.
When did the Indian Ocean trade start?
The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
What factor caused an increase in the Indian Ocean trade networks from 1200 to 1450?
Explain the various factors that led to the growth of the Indian Ocean trade networks in the 1200 – 1450 time period: Factors that led to the growth of the Indian Ocean trade networks include developments in luxury goods, innovations in technology for travel/transport, and new forms of credit/monetization.
What is one way that trade in the Indian Ocean in the period 1200 1450 led to political change?
Trade stimulated political change as ambitious rulers use well derived from commerce to construct larger and more centrally governed states or cities; experienced cultural change as local people were attracted to foreign religious ideas from Hindu, Buddhist, or Islamic sources.
How did the Indian Ocean trade compare to trade along the Silk Road?
The Silk Road route was predominantly on land and crossed water ways at the Mediterranean Sea while the Indian Ocean trade route moved predominantly on water (Indian Ocean) between ports. … The products that went across both routes included silk and spices from the East and processed textiles from the West.
What is the main reason why trade can be a weak foundation on which to build a polity?
Trade is a pretty weak foundation for which to build a polity (state) because of high taxes motivating traders to find other trade routes. However, the main reason is that reliance on trade makes the city-state very vulnerable to the ups and downs in economy.
How does trade throughout the Indian Ocean differ from that along the Silk Road?
How does the trade throughout the Indian Ocean differ from that along the Silk Road? Trade throughout the Indian Ocean is different than that of the Silk Road because it was over water, was more peaceful, did not include Europe, and different goods were traded along it. It was bigger and had more diverse people.
Who dominated how Indian Ocean trade worked?
But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa?
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa? Indian Ocean trade made many Eastern African societies very rich, exposed them to the culture and artifacts of foreign societies, and brought Islam to Africa.
How did monsoons make Indian Ocean trade possible?
How did monsoons make Indian Ocean trade possible? Monsoons alternated wind currents that predictably blew eastward during the summer months and westward in the winter. Also merchants from different classical civs move to where there is more trade and set up communities.