(i)The First World War led to a huge rise in the defence expenditure of the Government of India. The government in turn increased taxes on individual incomes and business profits. (ii)Increased military expenditure and the demands for war supplies led to the sharp rise in prices which badly affected the common mass.
What were the conditions of India during First World War?
Villages were called upon to supply soldiers, and the forced recruitment in rural areas caused widespread anger. Then in 1918-19 and 1920-21, crops failed in many parts of India, resulting in acute shortages of food. This was accompanied by an influenza epidemic.
What were political and economic condition of India during First World War?
i The First World War created a new economic and political situation in India. It led to huge increase in defence expenditure which was Financed by war loans and increasing taxes custom duties were raised and income tax was introduced. ii Prices increased doubling between 1913-18. This hit the common people.
What economic impact did The First World War have on India any three points?
iii) The war increased demand for industrial goods such as jute bags, fabric, and rail, and reduced imports into India from other countries. iv) During the war, Indian factories grew, and Indian business groups began to demand more growth opportunities.
What was the economic condition during 1914?
Real aggregate Gross Domestic Product (GDP) declined by 9.5 percent over the period 1914 to 1920, while the mobilization of personnel resulted in a 6 percent decline in civilian employment. Meanwhile, although population growth continued during the war years, it was only half that of the prewar rate.
What was the condition during World War 1?
Disease and ‘shell shock’ were rampant in the trenches.
With soldiers fighting in close proximity in the trenches, usually in unsanitary conditions, infectious diseases such as dysentery, cholera and typhoid fever were common and spread rapidly.
What is the India’s gift to the First World War?
India also provided over 170,000 animals and 3,700,000 tonnes of supplies and stores. In all, some 116,000 soldiers from India sacrificed their lives in the First World War. Over 9,200 decorations were earned, including 11 Victoria Cross.
How did The First World War created new economic and political situations in India explain with examples?
THE First World War created a new economic and political situation : It led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans. Taxes were increased, custom duties were raised and income tax was introduced.
How was the Indian economy affected by the First World War 5 points?
It resulted in sharp rise in prices in the country which affected the common people in the country at its worst. There was decline in imports of India. British had to satisfy needs of war, so their export to India declined. It led to increase in supply of domestic goods in the country.
What impact did First World War have on national movement in India?
India supported Britain in the world war on its promise of fighting for democracy but serving India with Rowlatt Act immediately after the war served as an eye-opener for Indians. This led to the rise of national consciousness and soon Non-Cooperation movement was launched.
How did World War 1 affect Indian nationalism?
During the war Home Rule Leagues were established, calling for self-government and dominion status for India. The movement gave a boost to Indian nationalism, especially after the Indian National Congress adopted Home Rule as a political goal.