Lord Minto II, the Viceroy of India implemented the Indian Press Act of 1910 on 9th February, Section 12(1) of the Act empowered the Local Governments to issue warrants against any newspaper or book which contained seditious matters, were to be forfeited to his majesty.
Who passed press law?
Proposed by Lord Lytton, then viceroy of India (governed 1876–80), the act was intended to prevent the vernacular press from expressing criticism of British policies—notably, the opposition that had grown with the outset of the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–80).
Who is the founder of Indian press?
James Augustus Hickey is considered the “father of Indian press” as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the `Bengal Gazette` or `Calcutta General Advertise` in January, 1780.
Who passed the famous press law which liberated press in India?
Lord Lytton passed the Vernacular Press Act 1878 that authorised the government to confiscate newspapers that printed ‘seditious material’. He also passed the Arms Act 1878 that prohibited Indians from carrying weapons of any kind without licences. Englishmen were excluded from this act.
Who is the father of freedom of press?
James Augustus Hicky, also referred to as “father of Indian press”, a British citizen known for introducing first newspaper during the reign, and hence India’s press foundation was originally led by the British administration despite the self-censorship by the imperialism.
When was Indian Press Act passed?
The Press Act of 1908 was legislation promulgated in British India imposing strict censorship on all kinds of publications.
Who started first newspaper in India?
Hicky’s Bengal Gazette was the first English-language newspaper published on the Indian subcontinent. It was founded in Calcutta, capital of British India at the time, by Irishman James Augustus Hicky in 1779.
Who started media?
The so-called “mass media” had to wait for the creation of new technologies before coming to life. The first of these was paper, invented in China in about 100 BCE. However, another 1,500 years had to pass before Johannes Gutenberg built the first printing press.
Who started journalism?
The first newspaper in India is credited to James Augustus Hickey, who launched The Bengal Gazette, also the Calcutta General Advertiser, in 1780. The paper lasted just two years before being seized by the British administration in 1782 for its outspoken criticism of the Raj.
Who granted the freedom of press in 1835?
Press Act of 1835 or Metcalfe:
Act Metcalfe governor- general—1835-36) repealed the obnoxious 1823 ordinance and earned the epithet, “liberator of the Indian press”.
What was the Press Act 1908?
THE NEWSPAPERS ACT, 1908 According to this Act: • The magistrates were empowered to seize printing presses, property connected to newspapers which published objectionable material which assisted as provocation to murder or acts of violence.
Who started the newspaper Hindustan and advocate?
Madan Mohan Malaviya launched it in 1936. It is published by Hindustan Media Ventures Limited.