As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. Soldiering was an honourable tradition in India and the British capitalised on this. They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power.
Why was India such a precious colony for the British?
They had all sorts of goods that the British wanted. These included things like spices, textiles, cotton, and the opium that the British would sell in China to be able to buy tea. Because India had so many people and so much wealth, it was the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire.
Was India Britain’s most important colony?
During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the British Crown began to assume an increasingly large role in the affairs of the Company. … India became the empire’s most valuable possession, “the Jewel in the Crown”, and was the most important source of Britain’s strength.
When was India important to British Empire?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
Why was India important during imperialism?
First, Britain viewed India as a source of raw materials that could be used to fuel the factories in England. At the time, India economy was largely centered around agriculture, which would then be exported to England. The most common of these agricultural resources included: jute, cotton, sugar, tea, coffee and wheat.
How did the British benefit from India?
Other historians point out that ruling India brought huge benefits to Britain. India’s huge population made it an attractive market for British industry. In the 1880s, for example, about 20% of Britain’s total exports went to India. By 1910 these exports were worth £137 million.
Why was India so important to Britain economically during the years of the British Raj?
Britain’s rise for 200 years was financed by its depredation in India.” … British economic policies gave them a monopoly over India’s large market and cotton resources. India served as both a significant supplier of raw goods to British manufacturers and a large captive market for British manufactured goods.
Why was the British Empire important?
In the 19th and early 20th century, some historians argued that the empire was the deserved result of Britain’s technical and moral superiority. They argued that British rule established formal systems of government, law and education as well as the development of infrastructure, like railways.
What is the most important colony?
Massachusetts. Much like Virginia to the South, this is the most important colony in the northern region of England’s 13 colony experiment. Originally called the Massachusetts Bay colony, this site was founded in the Plymouth area by the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1623.
How was India colonized?
Colonial India was the part of the Indian subcontinent that was under the jurisdiction of European colonial powers during the Age of Discovery. European power was exerted both by conquest and trade, especially in spices. … Trading rivalries among the seafaring European powers brought other European powers to India.
When and why did India leave the British Empire?
The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).