Why was the emergency declared in India?

The final decision to impose an emergency was proposed by Indira Gandhi, agreed upon by the president of India, and thereafter ratified by the cabinet and the parliament (from July to August 1975), based on the rationale that there were imminent internal and external threats to the Indian state.

What happens when emergency is declared in India?

During a national emergency, many Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens can be suspended. The six freedoms under Right to Freedom are automatically suspended. By contrast, the Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended according to the original Constitution.

WHO Declares emergency in India?

(1) If the President is satisfied that a grave emergency exists whereby the security of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened, whether by war or external aggression or 1[armed rebellion], he may, by Proclamation, make a declaration to that effect 2[in respect of the whole of India or of such part …

Was the emergency necessary class 12?

Yes, the declaration of Emergency in 1975 was necessary. Arguments: (i) Internal disturbances and agitations in the country. (ii) Grave crises had arisen which made the proclamation necessary.

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Why was Indira Gandhi assassinated?

On 31 October 1984, two of Gandhi’s Sikh bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, shot her with their service weapons in the garden of the prime minister’s residence at 1 Safdarjung Road, New Delhi, allegedly in revenge for Operation Blue Star.

What is emergency power in India?

The President of India has the power to impose emergency rule in any or all the Indian states if the security of part or all of India is threatened by “war or external aggression or armed rebellion”.

What do you do in emergencies?

Steps to take when an emergency occurs:

  • Take a deep breath.
  • Count to 10. Tell yourself you can handle the situation.
  • Check for danger. Protect yourself and the injured person from fire, explosions, or other hazards.
  • Try to look at the situation as a whole.

Is Rajiv Gandhi still alive?

After the controversial emergency was lifted in 1977, the political parties of the opposition fought together against the Congress, under the umbrella of the Janata Party, and won the 1977 election. Desai was elected Prime Minister, and became the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India.

What is the Article 358?

Suspension of Fundamental rights under Article 19: According to Article 358, when a proclamation of National Emergency is made, the six fundamental rights under article 19 are automatically suspended. Article 19 is automatically revived after the expiry of the emergency.

Why emergency was declared?

The final decision to impose an emergency was proposed by Indira Gandhi, agreed upon by the president of India, and thereafter ratified by the cabinet and the parliament (from July to August 1975), based on the rationale that there were imminent internal and external threats to the Indian state.

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Why is the emergency and the period around it known as the constitutional crisis?

Why is the ‘Emergency’ and the period around it known as the period of Constitutional crisis? Explain. (i) Conflict between Parliament and the Judiciary on the question ‘can the Parliament abridge the Fundamental Rights’. … Due to these conflicts, this period is called the period of Constitutional Crisis.

What is the importance of 1977 elections?

The elections took place during the Emergency period, which expired on 21 March 1977, shortly before the final results were announced. The election resulted in a heavy defeat for the Indian National Congress (INC), with the incumbent Prime Minister and INC party leader Indira Gandhi losing her seat in Rae Bareli.