The South Indian temple consists essentially of a square-chambered sanctuary topped by a superstructure, tower, or spire and an attached pillared porch or hall (maṇḍapa, or maṇṭapam), enclosed by a peristyle of cells within a rectangular court.
What are the features of temple architecture?
Dravida and Nagara architecture
|Main temple spire (tower)||Sikhara above sanctum|
|Mandapa spire (tower)||Yes|
|Curvature of the spire||Curvilinear centred over the sanctum, also straight-edged pyramidal|
|Sanctum||Single or multi-storey|
What are the common features of the temples in northern and southern India?
Explanation: there are two main style of temple architecture the Nagara style and Dravidian style the Nagara style temples were built in Northern India Dravidian style prevailed in South India in the Nagara style of temple architecture the tower know as shikhar is an inverted structure with a bulge the middle khajuraho …
What architecture is used in South India?
Dravidian architecture or the South Indian temple style is an architectural idiom in Hindu temple architecture that emerged in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent or South India and in Sri Lanka, reaching its final form by the sixteenth century.
What are the main characteristics of Indian temple?
Basic Features of the Hindu Temples
- Sanctum (garbhagriha literally ‘womb-house’) It was a small cubicle with a single entrance which grew into a larger chamber in time. …
- Entrance to the temple. …
- Freestanding temples tend to have a mountain-like spire. …
- The vahan.
What are the unique features of the South Indian Dravidian temples?
It is seen in Hindu temples, and the most distinctive difference from north Indian styles is the use of a shorter and more pyramidal tower over the garbhagriha or sanctuary called a vimana, where the north has taller towers, usually bending inwards as they rise, called shikharas.
What are the main features of a mandir?
The focal point of a mandir is the inner sanctum, which is aligned with the highest of the spires. It is here that the shrine containing the image or murti of the presiding deity is housed. Areas reserved for worship cannot be entered directly from the outside world.
What are the features of a temple?
Temples typically have a main building and a larger precinct, which may contain many other buildings, or may be a dome shaped structure, much like an igloo. The word comes from Ancient Rome, where a templum constituted a sacred precinct as defined by a priest, or augur.
What are the characteristics of temple architecture in mediaeval North India?
North Indian temple architecture, style of architecture produced throughout northern India and as far south as Bijapur district in northern Karnataka state, characterized by its distinctive shikhara, a superstructure, tower, or spire above the garbhagriha (“womb-room”), a small sanctuary housing the main image or …
What were the following features of temples known as?
Explanation: Pylons of the Egyptian temples are known as the monumental gateway which consist of the statues and sculptures of Egyptian Pharaohs, gods, and goddesses. Other than sculptures one can find paintings historical incidents on the wall of the Pylons.
What is the example of temple style architecture?
Kandariya Mahadev Temple in Madhya Pradesh is a classic example of Nagara style of temple architecture. It was also included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986. Other examples are Sun Temple at Modhera, Lakshman Temple of Khajuraho, Sun Temple at Konark, Jagannath Temple at Puri, etc.
What are the different parts of South Indian temple?
The basic form of a Hindu structural temple consists of the following.
- Garbhagriha: It literally means ‘womb-house’ and is a cave like a sanctum. …
- Mandapa: It is the entrance to the temple. …
- Shikhara or Vimana: …
- Amalaka: …
- Kalasha: …
- Antarala (vestibule): …
- Jagati: …
How many types of temple architecture are there in India?
What are the major styles of Indian temple architecture? The two major styles of temple architecture in the country are known as Nagara in the north and Dravidian in the south. The third style, Vesara Style, is fusion of Nagara and Dravidian style of architecture.