India continues to generate educated manpower which it is not always able to absorb. This has resulted in professionals leaving the country for better career opportunities abroad. This was the origin of what became known as the issue of “brain drain,” which hindered national development.
Why does India have brain drain?
Unemployment is more likely to be seen as a reason for India’s brain drain. … Pull factors are identified as higher standards of living and working, family reunions and better prospects for children (www.reservebank.gov) Consequently, these factors are the main reason for India’s brain drain.
What is the main reason for brain drain?
Several common causes precipitate brain drain on the geographic level including political instability, poor quality of life, limited access to health care, and a shortage of economic opportunity. These factors prompt skilled and talented workers to leave source countries for places that offer better opportunities.
Is brain drain bad for India?
India is getting its revenue from it. How it is wrong: Brain drain is harmful for any country. Its effect on economy and social area of a country. … Brain drain can be described as the process in which a country loses its most educated and talented workers to other countries through migration.
Why Indian students are leaving India?
These Indian emigrants have spread throughout Europe and North America, primarily, with many leaving to pursue higher education or better work opportunities. The Reserve Bank of India reports that more Indian students are studying abroad than ever before.
How can India stop brain drain?
There are some basic initiatives that can tackle brain-drain which are:
- Rural Development − Villages form the soul of proper and effective development in India. …
- Tackling under-employment − The companies recruiting employees should take utmost care to resolve any form of underemployment in their organization.
Which country has the highest brain drain?
Iran: In 2006, the IMF ranked Iran the highest in brain drain among 90 countries (both developed and less developed), with over 180,000 people leaving each year due to a poor job market and oppressive social conditions.
Who invented brain drain?
The term “brain drain” was coined by the Royal Society to describe the emigration of “scientists and technologists” to North America from post-war Europe. Another source indicates that this term was first used in the United Kingdom to describe the influx of Indian scientists and engineers.
Does China have a brain drain?
The brain drain has become a growing problem for China’s overseas education, especially after the Tiananmen Incident of June 1989. Brain drain is a symptom of a home country’s social, economic, or political problems.
Does India face brain drain?
India is one of the first countries where the phenomenon of reverse brain drain occurred. … Tens of thousands of migrants who had initially come to the U.S. for graduate engineering education, accepted jobs in Silicon Valley rather than return to their home countries, where professional opportunities were limited.